Health

What are the Side Effects of Chemotherapy?

Cancer patients should consult an oncologist in Lahore, who can guide them regarding the complications of chemotherapy. The patient must be aware of the side effects of the treatment. It will help them remain strong throughout their treatment.

Chemotherapy is an effective treatment for cancer. It helps to kill the cancerous cells, which may cause organ failure and become the cause of death. People undergoing chemotherapy are more likely to notice the following side effects:

·         Lethargy:

The people undergoing chemotherapy feel tired and cannot complete small tasks. They need to rest and avoid physical activities. The support from friends and family members helps them remain hopeful for positive outcomes of the treatment.

·         Nauseous Feeling:

The patient can suffer from nausea for most days after taking chemotherapy. They can experience nausea and headaches simultaneously. The antiemetic medication can help the patient overcome the nauseous feeling and help them function properly.

·         Hair Loss Problem:

The patient will experience hair loss from all parts of the body during the treatment. Women going through chemotherapy are more likely to suffer from anxiety and body dysmorphia; hence, close friends and family members must stay with them. The support from close members can help them remain positive and hopeful. The patients can notice hair growth after the chemotherapy; however, the color and texture may vary.

·         Higher Risk of Contracting Infections:

Individuals undergoing chemotherapy have a weak immune system; hence, they must remain vigilant and avoid meeting strangers in public places. They should wash their hands after two to three hours. Close people should also be conscious and avoid physical contact, as it may lead to infections and related complications.

·         Anemia:

Chemotherapy causes low production of red blood cells in the body, which can cause shortness of breath, paleness, and fatigue. It is essential for the patients to consciously include meat, green vegetable, and fruits in their diet, which can help enhance their bodily functions.

·         Low Platelets Causing Easy Bruising and Bleeding:

The low production of WBC and platelets can lead to gum bleeding, bruises, and severe nosebleeds.

·         Mucositis:

The chemotherapy causes the lining of the mouth to become sore and irritated. The patient suffers from bad breath, dry mouth, and mouth ulcers. The patient may struggle to swallow food. The patient must follow healthy oral hygiene to prevent infections that may further cause deterioration of the physical and mental health.

·         Change in Body Weight:

The soreness and nausea cause the loss of appetites, which affects the body weight.

·         Neurological Problems:

The patient can notice that they forget things. Memory and concentration problems are common side-effects of chemotherapy.

·         Skin Problems:

The cancer patient undergoing the chemotherapy will notice sudden but temporary changes in the skin health. The skin becomes red, sensitive, dry, and pale. Also, it affects the nails; they become brittle. The creams can help overcome the skin problems due to chemotherapy.

·         Insomnia:

The patient remains distressed, and due to pain, they cannot sleep properly throughout the night.

·         Anxiety:

The lack of support, pain, and changes in the body during the treatment can cause anxiety, Hence, the family members and close friends need to remain in contact and use affirmative words to become hopeful regarding the success of the chemotherapy.

·         Low Sex Drive:

The patient may struggle to maintain a healthy sexual relationship with their partner due to pain, discomfort, and bodily changes.

·         Gastroenterological Problems:

The common side effect of chemotherapy is constipation and diarrhea. The medication can help manage the symptoms and avoid complications.

·         Infertility:

Both men and women can suffer infertility due to chemotherapy. The patient must discuss this with their doctor and can choose to freeze their eggs and sperm for IVF and artificial insemination in the future.

Individuals suffering from cancer must consult a specialist at Mid City Hospital. The doctor will provide guidance regarding the latest and most effective treatment options that can help avoid complications and enhance the overall functioning.

Read More: What Should You Look For At A Liposuction Clinic?

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