Cancerous diseases have become so common that almost all people have come across or heard someone affected. Although cancer is a killer disease, early diagnosis and treatment from a good cancer treatment center Orange County-based or any other location can save a life. The problem is most people discover they have cancer when it’s too late. Either way, it’s important to be aware of the common cancers and their symptoms so you can be on the lookout. Below are the most common types briefly explained.
Breast cancer commonly occurs in women and rarely in men. According to American statistics, 268,600 women and 2,670 were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2019 alone. About 41,760 women and 500 men were projected to die out of this disease during the same year.
A lump in the breast
Discharge from the nipples
Change of nipple texture and shape.
The common treatment for breast cancer is surgery.
As the name suggests, lung cancer affects the lungs. The common cause is tobacco smoking. However, exposure to certain toxins, asbestos, and genetics can contribute to its development.
According to statistics, lung cancer makes up 25% of all cancer deaths, making it the leading cause of death.
According to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the symptoms of lung cancer include:
Coughing up blood.
Shortness of breath.
A feeling of exhaustion all the time
Unexplained weight loss
Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate and is the second leading cause of cancer death. The prostate is the part that works with sperm cells in a man to create seminal fluid, and its muscles help push the semen out during penile ejaculation. About 1 in 8 men is prone to prostate cancer during their lifetime. The death rate is about 18 per 100,000 men per year.
When cancer affects the prostate, symptoms may include:
Pain during urination
Frequent urination (mostly at night)
Note: According to the CDC, some men do not have symptoms.
This is not a conclusive list of all the common types of cancer. Other types include cervical, liver cancer, kidney, head and neck, colon, leukemia, and thyroid cancer, among others. Regardless of the type of cancer, the best way to treat it starts with an early diagnosis.
What is the most common type of cancer?
The most common type of cancer worldwide is skin cancer, with over 1 million cases diagnosed annually. Skin cancer develops when skin cells begin to grow abnormally and out of control. The two most common types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, both of which typically occur on areas of the body exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, arms, and hands. However, melanoma, a more dangerous type of skin cancer, is less common but more likely to spread to other parts of the body.
Following skin cancer, the most common types of cancer in order of prevalence are lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colorectal cancer. Lung cancer is often associated with smoking, while breast cancer is more commonly diagnosed in women and prostate cancer in men. Colorectal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the colon or rectum and is often found in older adults.
It is important to note that cancer can occur in any part of the body and can vary widely in terms of its severity and treatment options. Early detection and treatment can greatly increase the chances of successful treatment, and individuals should talk to their doctor about recommended cancer screenings based on their age, gender, and other risk factors.